ZEHLENDORF

ZEHLENDORF lies to the south-west of Berlin, and was part of West Berlin. It is home to the Free University, founded by academics unprepared to work at the East Berlin Humboldt University after the city was divided. It also housed, during the Cold War, a large residential area for American troops.

It abutts the Grunewald, a forest dotted with villas and lakes, like Krumme Lanke and Grunewaldsee with its hunting lodge.

Further south-east is the Wannsee with the longest stretch of inland beach in Europe. A favourite summer excursion for Berliners who want to swim or go boating. From here countless ferry rides can be taken around the Berlin canal, lake and river network. Wannsee was, of course, the site of the infamous Wannsee Conference at which the Nazi High Command finally settled 'The Jewish Question' with the decision to exterminate the remaining Jewish population of Nazi-occupied Europe.

Across the Wannsee, and reachable by a short ferry hop, is the Pfaueninsel (Peacock Island), built as a pleasure garden by Friedrich Wilhelm 11. A folly dominates the southern end of the island.

Two further palaces are of interest - the Park and Palace of Kleinglienicke, with its Lion Fountain and mock Corinthian Temple, and the Glienicke Hunting Lodge, built in French Baroque style.

South lies the Glienicke Bridge, famous for the spy swaps that took place in the Cold War period.

On the northern edge of Zehlendorf can be found the Brückemuseum displaying expressionist works by Kokoschka and the Blauer Ritter group of artists. It is a pleasant green residential suburb, and houses an enormous museum complex in the area to the north known as DAHLEM.

The Gemäldegalerie (Picture Gallery) covers early medieval to 18th century art, with particular emphasis on the Flemish painters.

The Ethnographic section of the complex has some of the most memorable displays, with artifacts ranging from tools, through to boats and houses from cultures as disparate as the South Sea Islands, Asia, India and Islamic countries.

The German Ethnological Museum displays the furniture, costumes and artifacts of Brandenburg and other regions.

Domain Dahlem is a farm and craft centre that attempts to recapture the rural way of life in the 19th century. You can watch demonstrations of spinning, weaving and carving.

The village church of St Annen (1220) is located at 55 Königin-Luise-Strasse and has a beautiful carved wooden altar.

In STEGLITZ, to the east, the Botanical Gardens is a must. Here 18,000 species are displayed in hothouses and variously themed garden areas (the Italian garden, the 'Blind' garden which has scented plants). There is also a botanical museum onsite. Schloss-Strasse, running northwards, is the main shopping street, the Forum Centre offers a particularly wide range of goods. The Schloss (Palace) in question is the imposing Schloss Steglitz, built in 1804. Close by is the Schlosspark theatre and Steglitz Town Hall.

Steglitz is served by S-Bahn and the U6.


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