Although the village of REINICKENDORF was first mentioned in 1375, it only gained independent status in 1852, and in 1920 was incorporated into Greater Berlin. The suburb marks the further northwards march of the Berlin suburbs in the later stages of the Industrial Revolution. The great engineer Borsig relocated his ironworks here from Mitte (Chausseestrasse) at the end of the 19th century, and lived himself in the suburb in a neo-baroque town house.

Here Berlin's first tower block (20 storeys) was erected in 1924, and, in the late sixties, the vast Märkisches Viertel complex, housing 50,000 people. More elegant examples of modern architecture are to be found along the shore of the Tegel Lake in the housing development designed by the Californian architect Charles Moore.

During the Berlin Airlift when the Soviet Government of East Berlin deprived the Western half of the city of fuel and food supplies, which had to be flown in by American planes from Frankfurt, Berlin's biggest Airport was built - Tegel. The village Tegel also gives its name to Schloss Tegel on the Tegeler See, through which the Havel river flows. A masterpiece by the architect Schinkel, the building was owned from 1765 by the Humboldt family, which produced the gifted brothers Alexander and Wilhelm (who gave their name, in turn, to the Berlin University). The marble statues and fountain, an extensive library, the Blue Salon and the landscaped gardens stretching down to the lake with its seven small islands make the stately home a must.

The village churches of Alt-Wittenau and Alt-Reinickendorf are oases of calm in an otherwise busy suburb, both surrounded by traces of older housing typical of Brandenburg village life in the 19th century.

Reinickendorf is served by the U6, U8 and the S-Bahn.


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