Museums and Galleries in Berlin

Until 1989 Berlin was divided by the Wall into two separate cities, each with its own art and antiquities collections. Only now, more than ten years after German re-unification, are the Art and Museum collections of the two halves of the city being merged, and this, combined with renovation work on a couple of the older buildings, leads to some uncertainty as to what is be found where. But let yourself be surprised.

On Friedrichstraße, in the east of the city, Checkpoint Charlie Museum, adjacent to the notorious Cold War border crossing between the Russian and American sectors, details the amazing escape attempts across the Berlin Wall and former West and East German border - by tunnel, balloon and home-made submarine.

Egyptian MuseumMuseum Island features five buildings, most notably the newly-opened Old National Gallery, the Old Museum and Pergamon Museum. Here you can see the grand imperial collection of antiqities from the Middle East, including the Ishtar Gate and the Pergamon altar, one of the city's Egyptian collections, with the famous bust of Nefertiti, and the Schliemann collection, named after the archaeologist who discovered Troy.

Take in a bit of the city's history at a number of museums and exhibitions. The Märkisches Museum is home to standing exhibit marking Berlin's historical and cultural development from the Middle Ages to the present.

The Story of Berlin is a one-of-a-kind exhibition. A genuine feast for the senses. Experience the history of a metropolis like never before. From the early days to the Golden Twenties, the burning of books and the terror of the Third Reich, to the fall of the Berlin Wall. With this multimedia production you can actually see, hear, smell and touch the city's past.

In the south-west of the city, Dahlem's Anthropological Museum contains reconstructions of boats and huts on stilts from Oceania. Next door are artifacts from India, China, Korea and Japan.

For the more eclectic the city offers a Sugar Museum, a Museum of the Postal Service and Communication, and an imaginative Museum of Transport and Technology with trams and Underground carriages from the early part of the century.

The New National Gallery on Potsdamer Platz, designed by Mies van der Rohe, is the site of regular major Art exhibitions - recently Max Ernst. Its older counterpart, the Old National Gallery which stands behind the Lustgarten and Berliner Dom, has mostly German work (Expressionist and Impressionist) including Monnet, Nolde, Barlach and Kollwitz. The Brücke Museum in Dahlem has a permanent exhibition of the work of the group that included Kokoschka.

Hamburger BahnhofThe old Hamburger Station, now converted into a modern art gallery, regularly puts on modern works as well as a large permanent exhibition of the Erich Marx and, soon, the Flick collections.

The old royal palaces also have important collections - Dürer, Cranach - and there are countless smaller private galleries, throughout Schöneberg, Charlottenburg, Mitte and Kreuzberg displaying young artists from all over Germany.

Additionally there are regular startlingly innovative exhibitions - recent examples are "Holography" at the Kulturbrauerei in Prenzlauerberg, and "Seven Hills", an exploration of the future comprising seven installations/environments, at Martin Gropius Bau.

And throughout the city, round Savigny Platz in Charlottenburg in the west, and Oranienburger Strasse in the east, small independent galleries give you a glimpse of modern Art at its wildest and whackiest. See, in particular, Tacheles, a vast semi-ruined pre-war department store, now converted into a cultural center.

See list of Berlin museums here

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